Fastest journey4hr 22m
It is very easy to travel by train from Barcelona to Córdoba. Twice-daily high-speed AVE trains cover the 950 km between the two cities in 4 hrs 40 mins. Booking generally opens about four months in advance of travel, but this can vary, as the Spanish rail operator often releases tickets in batches. If the timings of the direct trains don’t work for you, you’ll find a dozen other options each day, all involving a change of train in Madrid Atocha. This adds 20 to 50 mins to the overall journey time. Book early to find the cheapest tickets.
Your train speeds west from Barcelona into Aragon, crossing the River Ebro near Zaragoza. Then it’s a fast dash across the plains of Castilla–La Mancha, with distant views of the Madrid conurbation to your right. The final hour of the journey to Córdoba is beautiful, as the train sweeps through the rugged Sierra Morena to reach Andalucía.
If you want to see an even more scenery and don't mind slower trains, you might want to consider taking the once daily Talgo train from Barcelona to Seville. With a journey time of almost 10 hrs, it certainly isn't fast, but you'll be rewarded with views of the coast south to Valencia and then, later in the journey, superb mountain views as the train cuts through Despenaperros Pass to reach Andalucía.
Barcelona to Cordoba
The direct AVE trains leave from Barcelona Sants station and arrive at Córdoba Central. The trains stop up to five times on the way, including at the cities of Zaragoza and Ciudad Real. If you want to enjoy a train journey twice as long that takes in some wonderful scenery, opt for the once-daily Talgo service that runs south from Barcelona along the coast and then moves inland after Valencia. That train is called the Garcia Lorca.