We look at some of Europe's finest train stations, and see how they've changed over the years.
Few would deny the thrill of travelling by train, and arriving at your destination in the heart of the city, but how much has the experience changed over the years? We know that modern trains are a world apart from their steam-powered ancestors, but what about the train stations? We've gathered these fascinating images, old and new, showing how Europe's railway stations have been transformed over time.
Luzern Station, Switzerland
Then: This old postcard of the main station in Luzern shows the distinctive cupola that sets it apart from others.
Luzern Bahnhof from rarepostcard.com.
Now: The glass and stone facade is all that remains of the grand station that once stood on the banks of Lake Lucerne. A new modern building now accommodates the trains that serve this lake-side station.
Gare d'Orsay, France
Then: Opened in 1900, Gare d'Orsay was the first electrified urban rail terminal in the world. But it has a rich history going back much further than that, as the grandeur of the building indicates. The site was originally known as the Palais d'Orsay, and housed the offices of France's state council.
Now: In 1939 the station became unsuitable for modern trains and the wrecking ball loomed. But in a stroke of good thinking the French government had the building listed, and in the 1970s converted it into an art museum. Quite the transformation!
Interlaken West, Switzerland
Then: When it was built, Interlaken West was the only station serving the area, and was thus known simply as 'Interlaken station'.
Interlaken Station from Adjusted Railways of Switzerland | 1935 Coll. BVA
Now: As more and more railway stations were built to serve the Swiss Canton Bern, the station was renamed Interlaken West. But the imposing building remains largely unchanged.
Madrid Atocha, Spain
Then: When it was first inaugurated in 1851, the station we now know as Madrid Atocha station was known as Estación de Mediodía.
Now: A fire destroyed Estación de Mediodía and it was rebuilt in 1892 in the same style in wrought iron, and renamed Atocha, after a nearby basilica. Though seemingly unchanged from the outside, the addition of a sub-tropical garden on the main concourse in 1992 sets the modern station apart from its former self.
Basel Station, Switzerland
Basel Station | Public domain from akpool.co.uk
Now: As can be seen from the picture below, not much has changed, although where there once stood a fountain you'll find tramways to explore the now much larger city of Basel.
Roma Termini, Italy
Then: The first incarnation of Roma Termini, Rome's largest and most central station, was completed in 1874 and was almost too big for the Papal State (which was home to just over 180,000 inhabitants). However, in fewer than fifteen years it had already proved inadequate for Rome's ever-increasing railway traffic and a series of enlargements began.
Roma Termini | Public domain from Roma Segreta
Then again: In 1947, plans to modernise and expand the station were opened up to competition. The result was a prime example of 'rationalist' architecture, which celebrated the functional aesthetic that was popular at the time.
Roma Termini from Angelo Trusiani
And now: The modernist curves and gravity-defying cantilevered design still remain and gave rise to a modern day nickname, the 'dinosaur'.
King's Cross Station, UK
Then: In 1851 the station at King's Cross didn't have enough capacity to accommodate the stampede of visitors to the Great Exhibition, so a temporary station was built next door. "The London Temporary Passenger Station" remained for some years, later being converted into a potato warehouse as the permanent station established its place as the London hub for the Great Northern Railway Line.
Kings Cross between 1870 – 1900. Courtesy English Heritage | London Reconnections
Now: In 2005 a £500 million restoration project begun, scheduled for completion by the end of 2013. Earlier this year, another "temporary" station feature was removed at long last (this one lasted 40 years), bringing the new station design closer to completion.
King's Cross Station's public square | RailStaff.
St Pancras International, UK
Then: When it opened, the arched Barlow train shed in London was the largest single-span roof in the world.
Trainshed, St Pancras Station | Public domain from Vichist
Now: As part of the station renovation, 20,000 litres of "Barlow Blue" paint were commissioned to repaint the ironwork and restore the station's former glory.
Berlin Hauptbahnhof, Germany
Then: When it opened in 1871, the architecture for Berlin's Lehrter Bahnhof station was ahead of its time. Built in the French neo-Renaissance style, it was known as a 'palace among stations'.
Berlin Hauptbahnhof | Public domain from Wikipedia.
Now: After the fall of the Berlin wall, a new reunified transport plan for Berlin was put together, culminating in Berlin Hauptbahnhof. The new station opened in 2006 on the site of the old Lehter Bahnhof station.
Lille Flanders, France
Then: Construction ended in 1892 for Lille Flanders station. The station facade once belonged to Paris's Gare du Nord and was dismantled and rebuilt in Lille at the end of the 19th century, with the addition of a large clock.
Lille Flandres | Public domain from Wikipedia.
Now: Lille station still looks just as grand as it ever did!
Rostock Hauptbahnhof, Germany
Then: Rostock station was first opened in 1886, operating a combined railway/ferry line to Nykøbing Falster in Denmark.
Rostock Hauptbahnhof 1920 | Public domain from Wikipedia.
Now: The station was heavily damaged in WW2 which saw extensive modernisation to the building after Germany was reunified.
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